Naturenet: Schedule 5 Animals

Schedule 5 Animals

Protection for wild animals on Schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.

Section 9(1) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 prohibits the killing, injuring or taking by any method of those wild mammals listed on Schedule 5 of the Act.

Section 9(4)(a) prohibits the damage, destruction, or obstruction of access to any structure or place which any wild mammal listed on Schedule 5 uses for shelter or protection, and Section 9(4)(b) prohibits the disturbance of any such mammal while it is occupying a structure or place which it uses for that purpose.

Section 9
Part 1 intentional killing, injuring, taking
Part 2 possession or control (live or dead animal, part or derivative)
Part 4 (a) damage to, destruction of, obstruction of access to any structure or place used by a scheduled animal for shelter or protection
Part 4 (b) disturbance of animal occupying such a structure or place
Part 5 (a) selling, offering for sale, possessing or transporting for the purpose of sale (live or dead animal, part or derivative)
Part 5 (b) advertising for buying or selling such things
Scientific name
English name
Sections of Act applicible (where complete protection is not afforded), and other notes. Unless stated, all sections apply.
Year/s scheduled/descheduled
Mammals
Arvicola terrestris Water vole Full protection 1998, 9(4) only; 2008, all sections
Cetacea All dolphins, porpoises, whales   Tursiops truncatus & Delphinus delphis - 1981; rest - 1988
Felis silvestris Wildcat   1988
Lutra lutra Otter   1981
Martes martes Pine marten   1988
Muscardinus avellanarius Dormouse   1988
Odobenus rosmarus Walrus   1988
Sciurus vulgaris Red squirrel   1981
Vespertilionidae and All bats   1981
Rhinolophidae      
Reptiles
Anguis fragilis Slow worm Killing & injuring S.9(1) (part); sale S.9(5) S.9(5) - 1981; S.9(1) - 1988
Cheloniidae and Dermochelyidae All turtles   1988
Coronella austriaca Smooth snake   1981
Lacerta agilis Sand lizard   1981
Lacerta vivipara Viviparous lizard Killing & injuring S.9(1) (part); sale S.9(5) S.9(5) - 1981; S.9(1) - 1988
Natrix natrix Grass snake Killing & injuring S.9(1) (part); sale S.9(5) S.9(5) - 1981; S.9(1) - 1988
Vipera berus Adder Killing & injuring S.9(1) (part): sale S.9(5) S.9(5) - 1981; S.9(1) - 1991
Amphibians
Bufo bufo Common toad Sale only S.9(5) 1981
Bufo calamita Natterjack toad   1981
Rana temporaria Common frog Sale only S.9(5) 1981
Triturus cristatus Warty (great crested) newt   1981
Triturus helveticus Palmate newt Sale only S.9(5) 1981
Triturus vulgaris Smooth newt Sale only S.9(5) 1981
Fish
Acipenser sturio Sturgeon   1992
Alosa alosa Allis shad Killing, injuring & taking S.9(1),(4)(a) S.9(1) - 1991, S.9(4)(a) - 1998
Alosa fallax Twaite shad Damage/destruction of place of shelter/protection S.9(4)(a) only 1998
Cetorhinus maximus Basking shark   1998
Squatina squatina Shark, Angel in respect of section 9(1) only and with respect to England, other than the excluded waters, only. The protection afforded to angel shark does not apply to those territorial waters between 6 and 12 nautical miles from baselines. 2008
Coregonus albula Vendace   1988
Coregonus lavaretus Whitefish   1988
Gobius cobitis Giant goby   1998
Gobius couchii Couch's goby   1998
Lota lota Burbot   1981
Hippocampus hippocampus Seahorse, Short Snouted with respect to England only 2008
Hippocampus guttulatus Seahorse, Spiny with respect to England only 2008
Butterflies
Apatura iris Purple emperor Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Argynnis adippe High brown fritillary   1992 (previously sale only)
Aricia artaxerxes Northern brown argus Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Boloria euphrosyne Pearl-bordered fritillary Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Carterocephalus palaemon Checkered skipper Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Coenonympha tullia Large heath Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Cupido minimus Small blue Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Erebia epiphron Mountain ringlet Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Eurodryas aurinia Marsh fritillary Sale only S.9(5)
Full protection
S.9(5) - 1989
1998
Hamearis lucina Duke of Burgundy Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Hesperia comma Silver-spotted Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Leptidea sinapis Wood white Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Lycaena dispar Large copper Sale only S.9(5)
Full protection
S.9(5) - 1989
1998
Lysandra bellargus Adonis blue Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Lysandra coridon Chalkhill blue Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Maculinea arion Large blue   1981
Melitaea cinxia Glanville fritillary Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Mellicta athalia (Melitaea athalia) Heath fritillary   1981
Nymphalis polychloros Large tortoiseshell Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Papilio machaon Swallowtail   1981
Plebejus argus Silver-studded blue Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Strymonidia pruni Black hairstreak Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Strymonidia w-album White-letter hairstreak Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Thecla betulae Brown hairstreak Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Thymelicus acteon Lulworth skipper Sale only S.9(5) 1989
Moths
Acosmetia caliginosa Reddish buff   1981
Bembecia chrysidiformis Fiery clearwing   1998
Gortyna borelii Fisher's estuarine moth   1998
Hadena irregularis Viper's bugloss


Removed, believed extinct

1988
1998
Pareulype berberata Barberry carpet   1981
Siona lineata Black-veined   1981
Thalera fimbrialis Sussex emerald   1992
Thetidia smaragdaria Essex emerald   1981
Zygaena viciae New Forest burnet   1981
Beetles
Chrysolina cerealis Rainbow leaf beetle   1981
Curimopsis nigrita Mire pill beetle Damage/destruction of place of shelter/protection S.9(4)(a) only 1992
Graphoderus zonatus Water beetle   1992
Hydrochara caraboides Lesser silver water beetle   1992
Hypebaeus flavipes Beetle   1992
Limoniscus violaceus Violet click beetle   1988
Lucanus cervus Stag beetle Sale only S.9(5) 1998
Paracymus aeneus Water beetle   1992
Hemipteran bugs
Cicadetta montana New Forest cicada   1988
Crickets
Decticus verrucivorus Wart-biter   1981
Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa Mole cricket   1981
Gryllus campestris Field cricket   1981
Dragonflies
Aeshna isosceles Norfolk aeshna   1981
Coenagrion mercuriale Southern damselfly   1998
Spiders
Dolomedes plantarius Fen raft spider   1981
Eresus niger (cinaberinus) Ladybird spider   1981
Crustaceans
Austropotamobius pallipes Atlantic stream (white-clawed) crayfish Taking S.9(1) (part); sale S.9(5) 1988
Chirocephalus diaphanus Fairy shrimp   1988
Gammarus insensibilis Lagoon sand shrimp   1988
Triops cancriformis Apus   1988
Sea-mats
Victorella pavida Trembling sea-mat   1988
Molluscs
Atrina fragilis Fan mussel Killing & injuring S.9(1); possession S9(2); sale S.9(5) 1998
Caecum armoricum De Folin's lagoon snail   1992
Catinella arenaria Sandbowl snail   1981
Margaritifera margaritifera Pearl mussel Full protection S.9(1) - 1991
1998
Monacha cartusiana Carthusian snail   1981-1988
Removed from Schedule 5 in 1988
Myxas glutinosa Glutinous snail   1981
Paludinella littorina Lagoon snail   1992
Tenellia adspersa Lagoon sea slug   1992
Thyasira gouldi Northern hatchet-shell   1992
Helix pomatia Roman Snail in respect of section 9(1), (2) and (5) only and with respect to England only 2008
Annelid worms
Alkmaria romijni Tentacled lagoon-worm   1992
Armandia cirrhosa Lagoon sandworm   1988
Hirudo medicinalis Medicinal leech   1988
Sea anemones and allies
Clavopsella navis Marine hydroid   1998
Edwardsia ivelli Ivell's sea anemone   1988
Eunicella verrucosa Pink sea-fan Killing, injuring & taking S.9(1); possession S9(2); sale S.9(5) 1992
Nematostella vectensis Starlet sea anemone   1988

This page is based on information taken from JNCC in 2005 and with subsequent amendments.