A recent post on Damn Interesting drew the Ranger’s attention to a tree he’d vaguely heard of, but of which he never really knew the story.
The Tree of Ténéré in the 1970s
The Tree of Ténéré (or l’Arbre du Ténéré) was an acacia in the Ténéré desert, an area of the Sahara in Niger. It was the very last of a once-great forest, and towards the end of its life it was in fact the only tree in a 400 kilometre (250 mile) radius. This made it an important landmark, one which was marked with respect and affection by travellers in the great desert. Commandant Michel Lesourd, of the Service Central des Affaires Sahariennes, wrote on 21 May 1939:
One must see the Tree to believe its existence. What is its secret? How can it still be living in spite of the multitudes of camels which trample at its sides. How at each azalai does not a lost camel eat its leaves and thorns? Why don’t the numerous Touareg leading the salt caravans cut its branches to make fires to brew their tea? The only answer it that the tree is taboo and considered as such by the caravaniers. There is a kind of superstition, a tribal order which is always respected. Each year the azalai gather round the Tree before facing the crossing of the Ténéré. The Acacia has become a living lighthouse; it is the first or the last landmark for the azalai leaving Agadez for Bilma, or returning.
In 1973, the inevitable tragic and ironic incident occurred, a drunken Libyan lost control of a vehicle, drove his truck into the tree and snapped it off. The tree was destroyed. This is not a dissimilar story the the regular dismal tales of drunken drivers and trees that litter local newspapers in this country, thirty years later – except there is no record of appalled Nigereans blaming the council for not putting up barriers or maintaining the road.
The Tree of Ténéré sculpture today
And what of the tree? Its death caused a remarkable amount of sorrow in Niger – so much so that in 1974 the government issued a stamp to commemorate the anniversary of its death. The Niger National Museum in the Nigerean capital, Niamey, now hosts the remains of the tree, which is said to have been over 300 years old at the time it finally met its end. On the site where it stood – a location still known as l’Arbre du Ténéré – a metal sculpture has now been erected: but no trees. See also: a history of l’Arbre du Ténéré in photographs